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작성일 : 19-05-15 19:19
The 9 traits of malevolence
 글쓴이 : Charise
조회 : 38  
1. Egoism: “the excessive concern with one’s own pleasure or advantage at the expense of community well-being.”


2. Machiavellianism: “manipulativeness, callous affect, and a strategic-calculating orientation.”


3. Moral disengagement: “a generalized cognitive orientation to the world that differentiates individuals’ thinking in a way that powerfully affects unethical behavior.”


4. Narcissism: “ego-reinforcement is the all-consuming motive.”


5. Psychological entitlement: “a stable and pervasive sense that one deserves more and is entitled to more than others.”


6. Psychopathy: “deficits in affect (i.e., callousness) and self-control (i.e., impulsivity).”


7. Sadism: “a person who humiliates others, shows a longstanding pattern of cruel or demeaning behavior to others, or intentionally inflicts physical, sexual, or psychological pain or suffering on others in order to assert power and dominance or for pleasure and enjoyment.”

8. Self-interest: “the pursuit of gains in socially valued domains, including material goods, social status, recognition, academic or occupational achievement, and happiness.”


9. Spitefulness: “a preference that would harm another but that would also entail harm to oneself. This harm could be social, financial, physical, or an inconvenience.”